Logic and Analytical Thinking
So what is Logic?
Before we define Logic let's quickly define what we call Mind.
Mind is the womb within which everything appears; it is the mirror upon which the whole show projects, the space/container within which everything can manifest. The Mind is fundamentally the fabric and substrata of all kinds of experiences.
Whereas Mind is the container, the vessel that holds all experiences, Logic is another layer altogether.
So let's define what we refer to as Logic (or analytical thinking) within the context of Self-knowledge.
Here we do not refer to Logic as the mathematically correct logical deduction methodology, but rather the common everyday experience of logic, which is fundamentally the analytical thinking that every human person possesses. So we do not make a judgement whether that analytical thinking or logical deduction is mathematically correct or not.
Logic is a function, a process, that exists within the Mind; it is the ability to create opinions about cause and effect through the identification of concepts and the ability to relate them. What i mean is that, once concepts arise in the Mind, Logic is essentially the function of the Mind that is able to relate, or compare, concepts to one another. It is the function of the Mind that gives rise to the perception of sameness or difference between various concepts. Furthermore it is the ability to combine different concepts, like building blocks, in order to deduce how the resulting concept can match another concept.
As such, the ability to solve problems is fundamentally the direct result of a process of Logic. When you have a problem (concept A) what you do is you combine within the Mind various other concepts that together will yield the theoretical solution (concept B) that will fit together, complement, the problem (concept A), thus rendering it solved. That is when you combine concept A (problem) and concept B (solution), the resulting concept is not considered to be a problem anymore.
Fundamentally what allows for the process of problem solving to happen is drilled down to the ability to compare two distinct concepts and identify parts of sameness and parts of difference. This ability is what we call Logic.
But, let's dig a little deeper still.
What are the components upon which Logic itself exists?
In the absence of concepts within the Mind, there is no differentiation, no frame, nothing you can say about anything. Logic doesn't exist without conceptual perception. Analytical thinking would NOT exist where there no concepts within the Mind.
There are a couple of things that we should note at this point.
First and foremost is that in the process of self-realisation, mental concepts are attributed as being the cause for all experience of distress and unfulfillment. But it is of paramount importance to understand that the goal is not to get rid of all mental concepts from the Mind. For if you get rid of all mental concepts, then you will simply be less than a vegetable with zero capacity for analytical thinking.
The aim is to get rid of concepts which are not useful and to learn to use the remaining useful concepts as tools without attachment to these concepts and without a delusion of duality. Feelings of "My concept is better than yours", "This concept is the best", "This concept is Truth", "This concept is Reality" etc etc, all must go. Instead what should remain is the ability to use the right tool/concept in order to perform the right job, which is to most effectively convey meaning.
The other observation is that as Logic is a function of concepts, it means that if our understanding of various concepts is mistaken and deluded, then also our Logic will be mistaken and deluded.
Liberation or Self-realisation, will automatically yield also the perfect Logic; that Logic which is faultless.